Preventing Soil Erosion

Soil Erosion is the removal of topsoil through the action of various agents such as water, wind, animals and human activities. It is a natural process and is responsible for shaping the landscapes around us. Yet, when removal of topsoil is faster than its natural rate of formation it can raise severe concerns. Anthropogenic activities such as over grazing, deforestation, mechanized agriculture, overgrazing, etc. can aggravate this problem. It can make fertile lands barren. It can even lead to desertification, acidification of land, land contamination and even floods.

It is a very serious problem. Today we are facing major environmental problems such as Global warming, Climate Change, Ecological Imbalance, Extinction of Species, etc. It is time that we take steps to prevent this problem otherwise it can also lead to severe consequences. The best way to tackle this problem is through soil conservation.

Soil conservation can be achieved through various ways. Such as:

Plant Vegetation: You can grow herbs, shrubs, bushes and trees to deal with this problem effectively. You can grow indigenous plants that can survive easily in your area. You can even opt for exotic plants after identifying their needs for survival. The roots of herbs, shrubs, bushes and trees hold soil and negate the eroding effects of wind and water. They also help in increasing the fertility of the soil. Besides, they provide shelter to insects, birds and animal. Hence help in preserving the ecological balance.

Planting Wind-Barriers: You can plant trees on the windward side of your land. High winds are one of the most prominent causes that lead to erosion of soil. Wind-barriers can counter the effect of high winds and help in soil conservation. Apart from trees you can even use shrubs, bushes or plastic fences as wind-barriers.

Lay Mulch: You can lay mulch to conserve soil. It prevents the direct exposure of top soil to agents of erosion. It also helps in keeping the soil damp and moist. You can also use organic mulch that can be made from plant remains and animal faeces. Using Mulch offers three benefits. Firstly, it maintains optimum moisture level in the soil. Secondly, it protects the topsoil from the direct attack of eroding agents. Thirdly, It helps in maintaining optimum soil temperature.

Conservation Tillage: You can use conservation tillage in your agricultural farms and gardens. This can be done by using plants or plant parts as boundary or cover for soil. You can use grass or plants such as rye or clover. They help by covering the surface of the soil and thus preventing erosion. Conservation tillage also helps in improving the physical and biological quality of soil.

 Contour Farming: It is the best way for conserving soil in hilly areas. In this method, the plants are grown on slopes in order to minimize the effect of water, wind and other forces of erosion.

 Sediment Control: You can practice sediment control by building diversion dikes, sediment bases, sediment traps, and silt fences. These structures can save the soil from erosion.

 You can practice any of the above methods depending on your requirements.

Soil Stabilization Solutions

When the soil around a home or a garden becomes unstable, it creates different types of problems for the homeowner. To keep major problems from occurring, there are several types of soil stabilizers that help with preventing soil movement,

From muddy yards and sinkholes to the loss of workable gardening property, homeowner can choose a common solution to fix the problems that they are experiencing. Some of the most common soil stabilization solutions can be found by researching various sites online. Listed below are four commonly known solutions that may work great for some homeowners. The type of soil stabilization solution will be based on the severity of the homeowner’s problem.

Plants

One type of soil stabilization solution for a homeowner involves using plant roots, specifically grass as well as other ground covers. Plant roots can help the homeowner with holding the soil in place. Grass and other ground covers are not the first option for some homeowners, especially in emergency situations. One of the main reasons for excluding grass roots from emergency cases is because it takes time for these type of roots to establish themselves in the ground. Plant roots are great alternatives to use when the owner wants to hold the soil in places, specifically in certain areas around the home (i.e. gradual slopes that can be found near a home). These roots will also help with preventing the landscape from shifting too much. Whenever it is possible, the professionals in the Minnesota Department of Natural Resources are recommending planting grasses that grow deep and have deep root systems. By using the right solutions, the owner will also help with preventing muddy runoff and dust problems that’s caused by unstable soil.

Mulch

When a homeowner needs a quick solution, they may want to consider using Mulch. Mulch is used by many homeowners who have experienced these kinds of problem, since they have a unique advantage over using different types of soil stabilizing-plants. Mulch can also be used to cover exposed soil easily. Mulch is a short-term fix instead of a long-term solution because it is not permanent. The types of basic materials included in mulch are straw and wood.

Soil Binders

Another solution used by many homeowners in California is soil binders. These owners use soil binders when they want to limit erosion and hold the soil around their homes together. When this kind of temporary solution is used, the owner should only expect a short duration period (i.e. last from a few months to two years). Soil binders are available to the owner in the form of liquids. When sprayed over a homeowner’s oil, the areas affected will stay in place because it makes the soil sticky.

Physical Barriers

In addition to using plant roots, mulch and soil binders, the owner has an option of using physical barriers to hold the soil around the home in place. For example, the owner may choose to use plastic sheets. These plastic sheets will help with preventing erosion and lot of dust.